How does your worldview answer the BIG Questions? (part 1 of 4)

Everyone has a worldview!

worldview is “Our most basic beliefs that shape our view of and for the world and are the basis of our thoughts and actions.”

We all draw conclusions about the world we live in. What helps us form these conclusions is our worldview. Think about it this way, a worldview is like a pair of glasses. If you have the rightglassesdog prescription, you can see clearly. If not, your vision can become distorted and you will not be able to process the information accurately.

Every worldview must answer four questions: Origins: Where did I come from? Meaning: What is the meaning of life? Morality: Are right and wrong objectively true concepts? Destiny: Is there life after death? These are the ultimate  questions that mankind has asked for ages. What worldview best answers these questions?

Christianity!

Origins: The Bible tells us that God created the heavens and the earth, animals and ultimately mankind. (Genesis 1 & 2) So what! Just because the Bible said it does not mean it happened. Many other religious text try to answer the origins question. Correct! However we can offer evidence through science and philosophy to support the biblical claim. Cosmologists now agree that the universe came into existence a finite number of years ago. Einstein’s theory of relativity demonstrated that all space, matter and time came into existence at the big bang (the beginning of the universe). Now whatever caused space and time could not itself be part of space and time. It must be “space-less” and “time-less.” Whatever caused matter could not itself be made of matter. The cause must be immaterial. We can now formulate an argument that is known as the Kalam Cosmological Argument: 1)Whatever begins to exist has a cause. 2) The universe began to exist. 3)Therefore, the universe has a cause. This argument is consistent with the first verse of the Bible. The late Robert Jastrow, a NASA astronomer, said this after reviewing the evidence for the Big Bang, “Now we see how the astronomical evidence leads to a biblical view of the origin of the world.”

There is further evidence for the biblical account of origins when we consider the design we see in the universe. Photo Sep 24, 9 47 15 AMAs I was driving down the road one day, I saw a message of plastic cups in a fence which read, “Live, Love, Laugh.” I concluded that someone had arranged this for passing motorists. However, my conclusion struck me as odd, because how did I know someone had intentionally arranged this message? I mean, I didn’t actually see the individual place the cups there, so I wondered if I was being reasonable. I began to formulate certain hypotheses. Perhaps this message was a result of pure chance? Perhaps a gust of wind blew some cups into the fence and by sheer coincidence it spelled “Live, Love, Laugh.” Perhaps there is another accidental explanation for the message that I had yet to consider. But, that seemed highly unlikely. Why? Because the fence contained information, and information only comes from intelligence. Therefore, it seemed more reasonable for me to infer that the message was the product of an intelligent designer.

The argument for design can be simplified as follows:

  1. All design implies a designer.
  2. There is intelligent design in the universe.
  3. Therefore, there must be an intelligent designer of the universe.[1]

Do you remember the story of Goldilocks and the three bears?  Goldilocks sits at the table and tastes Papa Bears’ porridge. She then comments that it is “too hot.” After she tastes Mama Bears’ porridge she retorts, “This is ‘too cold.’” But when she tastes Baby Bear’s porridge her reply is that it is “just right.” The universe is “just right” for life. This is known as “fine tuning.” The fine tuning of the universe is evidence for design.”

Let’s suppose that NASA had orchestrated a mission to Mars whereby three astronauts were able to explore the red planet. When they land, they discover an amazing biosphere where life is abundant. In the middle of the planet, they discover a machine that has numerous dials on it. The dial for oxygen to nitrogen ratio is perfectly set, the humidity is set at 50% and the temperature is 70 degrees. There is also a dial that helps replenish the air and remove waste. The machines’ dials have a wide range of possibilities but each one is uniquely tuned to the right spot. Change any dial and you upset the biosphere.[2] What do you think would be the reaction of the astronauts? Would they conclude that the biosphere just happened or that it was designed by Martians?[3]

Now let’s suppose that Martians visit planet earth to observe our environment. What conclusions do you think they would reach when they looked at the facts about earth? Consider these facts:

  • Earth is the only planet in our solar system that has breathable air. If an astronaut took his helmet off on Venus or Jupiter, he would suffocate.
  • Earth is just the right distance from the sun. If it was any closer, the sun would vaporize the oceans. If it was further away, the oceans would freeze.
  • Earth has water which is necessary for life.
  • The ozone level is just right. If it was thicker there would be a runaway greenhouse effect not allowing plant life. If it was thinner there would be too little greenhouse effect also killing plant life and not allowing any life to be possible.[4]

What conclusions do you think our Martian visitors would have? Would they say our environment was a product of chance or that it was carefully designed the same as their biosphere?

These 2 pieces of evidence help support the biblical claim of origins. In my next post, we will look at the question of “Meaning.”

 

 

                [1] Norman L. Geisler & Frank Turek I Don’t Have Enough Faith to Be an Atheist (Wheaton: Crossway, 2004), 95.

[2] Moreland & Muehlhoff, The God Conversation, 141.

[3] Ibid, 141.

[4] Ibid, 142.

 

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